At the beginning of the year, Germany decided to stop subsidizing the coal industry.
Then the parliament decided to reduce state subsidies by 150 billion euros to support the mines. Because of this decision, many mines across the country began to close.
The coal industry has become uncompetitive in Germany over the past few years due to the development of oil refining and gas production. Now the last coal mine, after closing, will be rebuilt into an energy-accumulating station with a capacity of 200 megawatts.
The miners are unhappy: a couple of months ago in Bergheim, there was a protest rally involving more than 20,000 people. They demanded job protection from the phased closure of coal-fired power generation.